Reported Biological Effects From
Radiofrequency Non-Ionizing Radiation
The following studies indicate biological effects at exposure levels far below what would be explained by "thermal effects", and well within the range people are commonly exposed to every day.
NOTE: Most of these exposures lie FAR BELOW the current advisory exposure standards in the US, which are based on thermal effects only.
- Studies by Increasing Power Density
- Studies by Increasing Specific Absorption Rate
- Standards and Background Levels
- Listing of Full Citations
Power Density Reported Biological Effects References 0.1 µW/cm2
(0.001 W/Kg SAR)
EEG brain waves are altered when exposed to cell phone signal Von Klitzing, 1995 0.16 µW/cm2 Motor function, memory and attention of school children affected (Latvia) Kolodynski, 1996 0.168 – 1.053 µW/cm2 Irreversible infertility in mice after 5 generations of exposure to cell phone signals from antenna park Magras & Xenos, 1997 0.2 – 8 µW/cm2 Two-fold increase in childhood leukemia from AM-FM exposure Hocking, 1996 1.3 – 5.7 µW/cm2 Two-fold increase in leukemia in adults from AM RF exposure Dolk, 1997 2.4 µW/cm2 Interference with medical devices at least up to 1000 MHz Joyner, 1996 2 – 4 µW/cm2 Direct effect of RFR on ion channels in cells/opening of acetycholine channels D'Inzeo, 1988 4 – 10 µW/cm2 Visual reaction time in children is slowed//lower memory function in tests Chiang, 1989 5 – 10 µW/cm2 Impaired nervous system activity Dumanski, 1974 10 µW/cm2 Significant differences in visual reaction time and reduced memory function Chiang, 1989 10 – 25 µW/cm2 Changes in the hippocampus of the brain Belokrinitskiy, 1982 30 µW/cm2
(0.015 W/Kg SAR)
Immune system effects – elevation of PFC count (antibody producing cells) Veyret, 1991 50 µW/cm2 An 18% reduction in REM sleep (important to memory and learning functions) Mann, 1996 100 µW/cm2 Changes in immune system function Elekes, 1996 100 µW/cm2 A 26% drop in insulin Navakatikian, 1994 120 µW/cm2 A pathological change in the blood brain barrier (915 MHz) Salford, 1993